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Phosphoric acid is one of the most commonly used acids that can be found in various industrial, agricultural, and even household products. Its salts which are known as phosphates are widely used in fertilizers and dentistry as mouth cleaning solutions. The chemical compound also finds its applications in various commercial industries as an etching solution and metal surface treatment agent. Phosphoric acid is a strong acid that can donate protons to water molecules, hence it can be useful in regulating pH levels of different solutions.
boiling point phosphoric acid refers to the boiling temperature at which the molecule is able to form hydrogen bonds with oxygen molecules. It is an aliphatic acid, which means that it has five carbon atoms in its structure. The phosphorus atom is attached to four oxygen atoms, with three of these atoms being attached to hydrogen atoms. This molecular arrangement makes phosphoric acid a triprotic acid that can donate three hydrogen ions to a base.
This high donating ability of phosphoric acid can be useful in a variety of reactions. For example, it can react with certain metals to produce hydrogen gas and soluble metal phosphate salts. It can also undergo dehydration reactions wherein it loses water molecules to form polyphosphoric acid and condensed phosphates.
Phosphoric acid can be dangerous in a concentrated or fumed state. It is extremely corrosive, and can cause irritation to the eyes, skin, and stomach. It should always be stored in a cool and dry place, away from alkalies and metals. It is also important to keep it away from children and pets as the chemical may cause skin burns and vomiting.