If you are looking for a way to invest in lithium metal, there are a few ways you can get started. You can either purchase shares of a publicly-traded company that is involved in lithium mining or processing or you can buy an exchange-traded fund that tracks the performance of the lithium market overall.
Lithium is the key raw material in lithium-ion batteries, the power source for a wide variety of electric vehicles (EVs) and consumer electronics. The demand for the material is expected to increase over time as new battery technologies emerge and legacy automakers electrify their vehicle lineups.
The market is cyclical, so prices can fall when supply outpaces demand. But if demand for lithium increases, it should boost the prices of the stocks and ETFs that are linked to the raw material.
Companies with direct revenue exposure to lithium mining or processing are the best option for investors seeking to invest in lithium. These include diversified chemicals producer Albemarle and lithium brine exploration company Livent.
These companies produce and sell products used in the production of batteries for EVs, mobile devices, cordless tools and other energy-on-the-go devices. They are also leaders in developing new sources of lithium and developing technology that will help keep lithium supply up as battery technologies evolve.
One of the largest pure-plays in the industry is Albemarle, which operates lithium mines and refineries in Australia, Chile and China. The company has a strong track record of profit margins and minimal debt. Its current portfolio includes a number of high-growth, emerging lithium plays. This includes a spinoff from FMC that will create a pure-play lithium business, as well as a company that is currently developing a lithium production site in Argentina with Ganfeng Lithium.