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Although bismuth has been used for many years in a specific type of cutting tool made from bronze alloy, the Incas did not fully understand it and were often mistaken with silver, lead or tin. Bismuth gets its Latin name from German for “white substance”. However, bismuth itself isn’t all silvery white. Some of it also has pink. Jofroy & Bergman of England confirmed Bismuth in England as a chemical component only in 1753.
Bismuth, which is white with metallic sheen of a golden peach color, can be found in the form of molasses. The yellow smoke it produces is a result of its blue flame. Bismuth is very low in melting points, at 271 degrees. It is possible to melt bismuth in your own stainless-steel saucepan and let it cool down. The bismuth actually expands upon freezing, much like water. A partial oxidation on the surface results in a rainbow array of crystals. This is due to the oxide film that has different thicknesses on bismuth crystal surfaces.

What is the difference between bismuth and gold?
This is because it is twice as plentiful in the earth’s soil as gold. It is also one of the most rare metals. It is number 83 in the periodic list and is also one of the most heavy elements. The international average for its price is just a few dollars per kilo. This material is much cheaper than other fossil substances.
Bismuth was once used to make boxes, even back in ancient Rome and Greece.

How does bismuth achieve its shimmering sheen?
Due to the spiral structure of the bismuth-crystal, the growth of oxide around the outside edge is faster. The oxide film will block light. Although bismuth is often found in nature as free metal or minerals, scientists can make it from high-temperature heat burns. When heated to above the melting point for metal bismuth (heating crystal light blue flame), bismuthoxide can be made. This happens when the liquid is dissolved in bismuth. It then cools down from silver and forms polarized light rainbows of color. Complex and regular bismuth resins are formed. Its color can be determined by how thick the outer oxide film is, which reflect different colors. The metal is often used to compare it with lead. However, bismuth is commonly replaced.

Why bismuth?
Bismuth can have a density similar to that of lead and is therefore less harmful than lead. The effects of lead can result in kidney damage, convulsions, and headaches. Children were often poisoned by lead. Foreign hunters often replace the lead bullets from their hunting rifles by ammunition made with bismuth. This is what kills animals.

Bismuth’s thermal and electrical conductivity are low. Bismuth’s melting point is 271.5° Celsius.
Bismuth is more beautiful than diamonds, and can be transformed into many arts and crafts. Bismuth is often employed in cutting-edge technology, including superconductors and nuclear testing.

The University of Delaware published their findings in Catalysis. They claim that the bismuth can be used as an industrial catalyst for converting carbon dioxide to liquid fuels or chemicals. Project team believe the discovery can help to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, and offer a sustainable method of fuel production.
Researchers call this “catalyticplasticity” a new bismuth characteristic. The researchers have previously demonstrated that bismuth film can be combined with some liquid salts to make carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide gaseous fuel. Team members concluded in the latest study that electrifying bismuth film submerged in salt solutions containing amidine and imidazolium ions controlled chemical reactions which convert carbon dioxide to liquid fuel gasoline, or industrial chemical formic acids.
General theory of Chemistry says that chemical reactions can require various catalysts. But the “catalyticplasticity” of bismuth means the metal bismuth is able to catalyze many kinds of chemical reaction. Researchers made it clear that the technical aspects of the findings were not surprising. However, using renewable energy sources such as solar and wind power for direct fuel production, metal bismuth catalyst plasticity makes researchers open a new test. The researchers will be developing a new fuel production method and catalytic.

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