As the smallest element of the boron family it is also the most light. It has three electrons at its valence that form covalent bonds. This allows the creation of compounds such as boric acids, mineral sodium borate, boron nitride and super-hard crystals.
Boron and its uses
Both crystalline boron as well as boron oxide can be hardened. The first is used to make drill bits and cutting tools. The latter can be used for artificial gems.
Boron is the “vitamin to metal materials”. When mixed with a small amount of boron, it can replace molybdenum and chromium in steelmaking. It has superior mechanical properties and strength. A few parts per million (or less) of boron can improve the conductivity in copper and aluminum.
Ceramic made of metal boride is used to make rocket propellers, high-temperature bearings, high-temperature electrodes and electrical contacts.
Simple boron is an efficient neutron absorber for the atomic energy sector. Boron fluoride is used in the manufacture of counters for nuclear reactors. Boron fluoride and aluminum alloy are combined to make neutron shielding materials. Borane is a rocket fuel for the space industry. Triethylboron is a rocket propellant.
Ndfeb magnetic materials are used to make computer drives, motors in office automation equipment and video cameras, video recorders and audio speakers.
Boron caride or Boron Nitride can both be used to create ceramics and ceramic fibres with high temperatures and resistance to corrosion. These materials are used in aerospace, automotive, and processing gems, bearings, cutting tools and bulletproof materials. Zinc borate is a fiber insulation material that can be used to prevent fire, bleaching or mordant.
Boron is an important element in plant growth, flowering, fruiting. Without boron, it will be difficult to form leguminous, or rhizobia. Flax, hemp, alfalfa, and other crops won’t grow, including beet root disease, cotton bolls and sunflower withered. In addition, boron can also be an essential element in human bones. A proper intake can lower blood lipids, inflammation, anticoagulation and anti-tumor. This can help to reduce the incidence of prostate carcinoma.
Boron can also be split into crystalline boron or amorphous.
Differences in Crystalline Boron and Amorphous Boron
Crystalline Boron is a delicate, dark and shiny semi-metal. Amorphous boron can be described as a brownish powder.
Crystal boron is a black-gray, hard metal with a high hardness. It is used in place of diamond to make cutting tools and drills. It conducts electricity poorly but its conductivity rises with increasing temperature. This difference is different from a metal conductor.
Crystalline Boron is stable at room temperatures and can only react to fluorine. It reacts with other non-metallic elements such as nitrogen, oxygen and chlorine at high temperatures.
Amorphous boron, which is quite active, slow oxidizes slowly in air and almost reacts to most metal elements at high heat to form nonintegral borides.
Amorphous boron is a valuable energy material, used as a solid fuel in composite solid propulsion. Boron has more than twice the calorific values of carbon, aluminum, magnesium and aluminum. It is also slightly denser than aluminum. It is the best nonmetallic source of energy as it has the highest volume calorific value. Amorphous boron’s low ignition temperature is due to its large specific surface and irregular shape.
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